surprise


surprise
sur|prise1 W2S3 [səˈpraız US sər-] n
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1¦(event)¦
2¦(feeling)¦
3 take/catch somebody by surprise
4 take somebody/something by surprise
5¦(gift/party etc)¦
6 surprise guest/visitor etc
7 surprise!
8
9¦(method)¦
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[Date: 1400-1500; : Old French; Origin: , past participle of surprendre 'to take over, surprise', from sur- ( SURCHARGE) + prendre 'to take']
1.) ¦(EVENT)¦
an unexpected or unusual event
→↑shock
What a surprise to find you here!
surprise visit/announcement/attack etc
Naomi paid a surprise visit to her old school in London.
a surprise attack at midnight
come as a surprise (to sb)
(=happen unexpectedly)
The triumph came as a surprise to many fans.
It should come as no surprise (=you should expect it to happen) that cycling builds leg strength.
there is a surprise in store (for sb)
(=something unexpected is going to happen to them)
If you go to Ontario in summer, you're in for a few surprises .
2.) ¦(FEELING)¦ [U and C]
the feeling you have when something unexpected or unusual happens
→↑shock
The man had a look of surprise on his face.
get/have a surprise
She got a surprise when she turned the letter over. It was from Finn.
in/with surprise
Bill looked at him in surprise.
to sb's surprise
(=in a way that surprises someone)
Much to his surprise she gave him her phone number.
To everyone's surprise, they got married.
3.) take/catch sb by surprise
to happen unexpectedly
The question took her by surprise.
4.) take sb/sth by surprise
to suddenly attack a place or an opponent when they are not ready
The guerrillas were killed when army troops took them by surprise.
5.) ¦(GIFT/PARTY ETC)¦ [C usually singular]
an unexpected present, trip etc which you give to someone or organize for them, often on a special occasion
surprise for
'I've got a surprise for you,' she said.
6.) surprise guest/visitor etc
someone who arrives somewhere unexpectedly
7.) surprise!
spoken used when you are just about to show someone something that you know will surprise them
8.) a) surprise, surprise
used when saying in a joking way that you expected something to happen or be true
The American TV networks are, surprise, surprise, full of stories about the election.
b) BrE spoken used when you suddenly appear in front of someone who you know is not expecting to see you
9.) ¦(METHOD)¦[U]
the use of methods which are intended to cause surprise
An element of surprise is important to any attack.
surprise 2
surprise2 v [T]
1.) to make someone feel surprised
→↑shock
His strange question surprised her.
it surprises sb to see/find/know etc
It had surprised me to find how fussy he was about some things.
I didn't know you two knew each other. Mind you, it doesn't surprise me .
What surprised me most was that she didn't seem to care.
it surprises sb (that)
Looking back, does it surprise you that she left?
It wouldn't surprise me if he married Jo.
2.) to find, catch, or attack someone when they are not expecting it, especially when they are doing something they should not be doing
A security guard surprised the burglars in the storeroom.

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • surprise — [ syrpriz ] n. f. • XVIe; « impôt extraordinaire » XIIe; de surprendre 1 ♦ Vx Action par laquelle on prend ou l on est pris à l improviste. « La Surprise de l amour », comédie de Marivaux. 2 ♦ Vx Action d attaquer à l improviste. ♢ (1549) Mod.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Surprise — is something that is unsuspected. Surprise may refer to:Unsuspected things* Surprise (emotion) * Surprise party, a party of which the honored person is not told of beforehand. * Surprise factor, the fundamental element in humor that puts a twist… …   Wikipedia

  • Surprise — ist der Name verschiedener Orte in den USA: Surprise (Arizona) Surprise (Indiana) Surprise (Kalifornien) Surprise (Nebraska) Surprise (New York) Surprise (Virginia) Surprise (Tennessee) sowie: ein Schweizer Straßenmagazin (siehe Surprise… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • surprise — vb 1 Surprise, waylay, ambush are comparable when they mean to attack unawares. Surprise is in military as well as in general use. As a technical term it implies strategy in the disposition and movement of troops and equipment and secrecy in the… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • surprise — Surprise. s. f. Action par laquelle on surprend. Il s est rendu maistre de cette Place par surprise. il s est servi de surprise autant que de force. c est une estrange surprise. il faut se garder des surprises des chicaneurs. Surprise, se prend… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • surprise — sur·prise n 1: a condition or situation in which a party to a proceeding is unexpectedly placed without any fault or neglect of his or her own and that entitles the party to relief (as a new trial) 2: an aspect of procedural unconscionability… …   Law dictionary

  • Surprise — Surprise, NE U.S. village in Nebraska Population (2000): 44 Housing Units (2000): 22 Land area (2000): 0.399762 sq. miles (1.035380 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.399762 sq. miles (1.035380 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • surprise — [sər prīz′, sə prīz′] vt. surprised, surprising [ME surprysen < OFr surpris, pp. of sorprendre, to surprise, take napping < sur (see SUR 1) + prendre, to take (see PRIZE2)] 1. to come upon suddenly or unexpectedly; take unawares 2. to at …   English World dictionary

  • Surprise — Sur*prise , n. [F. surprise, fr. surprendre, surpris; sur over + prendre to take, L. prehendere. See {Sur }, and {Prehensile}.] 1. The act of coming upon, or taking, unawares; the act of seizing unexpectedly; surprisal; as, the fort was taken by… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Surprise — Sur*prise , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Surprised}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Surprising}.] [From {Surprise}, n.: cf. F. surprendre, p. p. surpris.] 1. To come or fall suddenly and unexpectedly; to take unawares; to seize or capture by unexpected attack. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • surprise — [n] something amazing; state of amazement abruptness, amazement, astonishment, astoundment, attack, awe, bewilderment, bombshell*, consternation, curiosity, curveball*, disappointment, disillusion, eye opener*, fortune, godsend*, incredulity,… …   New thesaurus